Which of the following provides the most succinct summary of the learning theory’s fundamental philosophical principles? The acquisition of behaviors takes place in stages, and external, contextual effects are given greater weight in the learning process than are conscious, internal ones.
What are the three theories of learning?
The guiding principles of the theories may be utilized as a basis for making decisions on the instructional instruments, methods, and tactics that are most effective in fostering learning. There are three main theories of learning: Behaviorism. The processing of information cognitively (Cognitivism) Constructivism.
What is the behaviorist theory of learning?
Behaviorists argue that learning truly happens when new behaviors or changes in behaviors are gained through connections between inputs and responses. Thus, association leads to a shift in behavior. The learning process is based on objectively visible changes in behavior.
What is the cognitive theory of learning?
Instead than just reacting to external stimuli, people, according to this hypothesis, process the information that is presented to them rather than doing so automatically (i.e. that think about what is happening). Changes in the learner’s behavior are monitored, but merely as an indicator of what is going on in their minds.
What is the learning process based on?
- The learning process is predicated on changes in behavior that may be seen by an outside observer.
- Learning is defined very simply by behavior theorists as the acquisition of new behaviors or changes in previously existing behaviors.
- According to this school of thought, learning starts when a learner is presented with a cue or stimulus from their environment, and then the learner responds in some way to the stimulus that was offered.
Which of the following best summarizes the most important factor in the outcome of the initiative versus guilt crisis?
Which of the following best encapsulates the essential component that led to the successful resolution of the dilemma of initiative vs guilt? The idea behind the zone of proximal development implies that a parent or teacher should encourage a kid to take on new difficulties while also providing them with assistance.
Which of the following best summarizes the relative importance of nature and nurture in our development?
Which of the following statements more effectively compares and contrasts the contributions of nature and nurture to our overall development? Both parties contribute equally to the connection between them. To put it another way, our genes provide the blueprint for our growth, but our environment plays a role in how those genetic effects are expressed in our lives.
Which of the following is a primary difference between behaviorism and psychoanalytic theory?
Which of the following is not a key distinction between the psychoanalytic theory and the behaviorist theory? The psychoanalytic perspective holds that observable conduct is nothing more than a symptom of unconscious urges, whereas the behaviorist approach holds that the only thing that truly matters is observed behavior.
Which of the following is the best definition of differential sensitivity?
Which of the following offers the clearest explanation of the concept of differential sensitivity? The concept that individuals differ in the degree to which they are affected by certain events. Many times, differences of this kind are caused by genetics, which explains why some people are impacted differently by the ups and downs of life.
Why is initiative vs guilt important?
- The feeling of shame that follows a failure is what motivates people to take initiative, but it may also help them strengthen their leadership abilities.
- In essence, children who do not develop a sense of initiative during this era may grow up to be reluctant to experiment with new activities.
- When they put their efforts into anything, they could get the impression that they are acting in an inappropriate manner.
Which of the following best summarizes the beginning of Piaget’s study of cognitive development in children?
Which of the following statements best encapsulates Jean Piaget’s notion of how cognitive development occurs? The stages of cognitive development are separate from one another and advance as a person matures. Each stage of cognitive development is structured into a cohesive mental framework.
Which theorist was a leader in describing the interaction between culture and education?
Vygotsky argued that adults teach children cultural knowledge, skills, and habits by guiding them through a process that is universally known as directed participation.
What can the nature part of the nature vs nurture controversy be described as?
- The question at the heart of the ″nature versus nurture″ debate is, to what extent particular aspects of behavior are the result of either inherited (i.e., genetic) or acquired (i.e., learned) influences.
- Specifically, the debate centers on the degree to which certain aspects of behavior are a product of either.
- Nature is what we conceive of as being pre-wired, and it is impacted by genetic inheritance in addition to other biological variables.
Which of the following is the best definition of dependent variable quizlet?
Which of the following offers the most appropriate explanation of the term ″dependent variable″? A) The measured variable is the one that is subject to change based on how the experimental variables are manipulated.
Which of the following is a major difference between the psychoanalytic and the learning theories?
13. Which of the following is not a significant distinction between psychoanalytic theory and the theory of learning? A. In contrast to learning theorists, psychoanalytic theorists maintain that early childhood experiences are responsible for forming the foundations of human sexual behavior.
What is the difference between behaviorism and psychodynamic theory?
- The psychodynamic hypothesis places a greater emphasis on childhood and the ways in which one’s experiences as a kid may continue to have an impact on them throughout their whole lives.
- The study of humans is at the center of the behavioral approach.
- It places an emphasis on a person’s manner of conduct.
- Both of these ideas are quite helpful to psychologists in that they allow them to learn more about their patients.
What do behaviorism and psychoanalytic theory have in common?
- Although the two schools of thought have been contrasted as being diametrically opposed to one another, they have two significant commonalities.
- To begin, the theories are deterministic in the sense that they make an attempt to explain the circumstances that result in particular actions.
- Second, both models agree that prior experiences are a significant factor in determining how individuals will behave in the future.
What is differential susceptibility theory?
According to the differential susceptibility hypothesis, some children are more vulnerable than others to both positive and negative developmental events or exposures. This is a central tenet of the theory.
Which counts more differential impact of the environment or differential susceptibility of the individual?
Research that has been conducted to investigate the effects of social policies, community supports, schools, and families on individuals demonstrates, time and time again, that environments matter more than an individual’s biology or temperament when it comes to determining psychosocial outcomes, particularly in situations where the risk exposure is high (see e.g. Abramson et al., 2010).
How does diff susceptibility differ from diathesis stress models?
- Differential susceptibility is characterized by a cross-over interaction, whereas diathesis-stress and dual-risk arise when the most vulnerable are disproportionately affected in a negative manner by a negative environment but do not also benefit disproportionately from positive environmental conditions.
- Diathesis-stress and dual-risk arise when the most vulnerable are disproportionately affected in an adverse manner by a negative environment but do not also benefit disproportionately from positive environmental conditions.